As Easter approaches and supermarket aisles filled with brightly foil-wrapped chocolate eggs. These and other small spherical sweet treats are just the same size as a child’s airway and pose a choking risk which could prove fatal.

In fact, a whopping 85% of choking deaths are caused by food.

We’re already aware some foods are classic choking hazards because of their size and shape, such as grapes. In fact, grapes are deemed such a risk that many schools and nurseries ban them from packed lunches.  

Furthermore, foods such as mini tomatoes, blueberries, popcorn and the small decorations on the top of cupcakes can also lend themselves to being choking hazards,

However, many of us remain unaware some chocolate and sweets can also be choking hazards for precisely the same reason – they are the perfect shape and size to be inhaled into a small childs windpipe. 

Mini egg danger

Mini Easter eggs have a warning on the back of the packet which states the chocolate should not be consumed by children under the age of four. However, sadly many children of four and over can still choke, so care must be taken whatever the age of the child. 

Additionally, its not just mini eggs. Maltesers and Smarties are other small spherical chocolate with the potential to be a choking hazard for very small children.

Ten simple steps to minimise the risk of danger of children choking

Everyone wants to treat their children from time to time. Here are ten common sense rules to follow to keep your family safe this Easter:

When selecting a sweet treat buy larger, hollow eggs that are less of a choking hazard. 

If the Easter egg does contain a smaller packet of sweet treats, be sure to cut these in half to prevent them being able to block an airway.

Carefully supervise children whilst eating them.

Babies and young children can choke on anything small enough to fit through a loo roll. To prevent choking, keep small objects out of reach, cut food into very small pieces.

Refrain from competitions involving food. The popular game ‘Chubby Bunny’ where as many marshmallows as possible are stuffed into the mouth, has proved fatal.

Never play games with food throwing them up in the air and catching them in your mouth, or someone else’s mouth.

Talking, laughing or crying with something in your mouth can also lead to choking. The sharp intake of breath which happens when you gasp, is sufficient to propel an object from your mouth and into your airway.

Don’t eat or chew whilst exercising.

A further hidden danger of sweets and choking has been highlighted when children or adults first wear fixed dental braces. As their tongue and teeth adapt to the new appliance, their usual ability to control food items in the mouth – including chocolate treats – is severely reduced and has led to instances of choking. Extra care needs to be paid to this period of adjustment.

How to respond if you come across a child or adult choking

Many choking accidents occur simply though bad luck. They can happen quickly and be extremely worrying. Knowing how to respond quickly, calmly and effectively is invaluable and could save a life.

How to help adults or children who are choking. Firstly ask “can you cough”? 

If not follow this..

Image result for back blows and chest thrust diagram
*If the person loses consciousness, commence resuscitation and CPR.

Choking is life-threatening when a child is unable to speak or cry and struggling to breathe and is going blue.

Please don’t panic though. Although choking is very common and extremely frightening, it is still comparatively rare that it proves fatal.

Remain calm and encourage them to clear it themselves first by coughing.

Back Blows 

If not successful, bend them forward supporting their chest with your hand. Children can also be bent over your knee.

Perform up to 5 back blows, checking between each to see if the blockage has cleared before repeating.

If the obstruction hasn’t cleared after 5 back blows, phone 000 or get someone else to and start chest thrusts.

Chest thrusts

Try chest thrusts. Stand in front of the person choking and place one hand on the centre of the chest. Thrust 5 times (similar to performing one-handed CPR) then check for dislodged obstruction. Children will require two fingers or less force when performing chest thrust compared with an adult.

Perform chest thrusts up to 5 times, checking each time to see if the obstruction has cleared.

If the person is still choking, call 000 and alternate five back blows and five abdominal thrusts until emergency help arrives.

If at any point the person becomes unconscious, start CPR.

Hot Response First Aid Training provides this information for guidance and it is not in any way a substitute for medical advice. Hot Response First Aid Training is not responsible or liable for any diagnosis made, or actions taken based on this information. It is strongly advised that you attend a First Aid course with us to understand what to do in a medical emergency.